DRAFTING OF THE CONSTITUTION

DRAFTING OF THE CONSTITUTION
The task of framing the Constitution of India was given to the Constituent Assembly, formed under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946.
The Constituent Assembly appointed a Drafting Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr B. R. Ambedkar, the then Law Minister.
The Constitution of India was enacted, signed and adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949.
Commencement of Constitution On 26 January 1950, the Constitution of India came into force. It was also on this date that India became a Republic.
The Structure of the Indian Constitution
Constitution is not to be interpreted as a mere law, but as the machinery by which laws are made. A constitution is a living and organic thing, which, of all instruments, has the greatest claim to be construed broadly and liberally. The constitution of India consists of:
1. The Preamble       2. Parts I to XXII, covering over 449 Articles
3. Schedules 1-12    4. An Appendix
Preamble as part of the Indian Constitution
The Preamble is an integral part of the constitution, but is not an essential part of the constitution. The Supreme Court in 1973 gave a landmark verdict (Kesavananda Bharti v/s State of Kerala) stating Preamble is a part of the constitution and is subject to amending power of the Parliament as any other provisions of the constitution provided the basic structure of the constitution found in the preamble is not destroyed. So. the preamble is a key to unravel the minds of the makers of the constitution.
The Preamble
The 42nd Amendment (1976) added the words ‘Secular’ and ‘Socialist’ and now the Preamble reads as follows: “We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Demo­cratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens: Justice, social economic and political; Liberty of thought, expression, be­lief, faith and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation. In our Constituent Assembly on Zonal councils acts as a consultative body to discuss matters of common interest of the member states. It recommends the member states on the issues of (a) Social Planning; (b) Inter-state Transport; (c) Economic Planning; (d) Border dispute; (e) Matters concerning minorities, etc.

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Posted on April 27, 2011, in OUR CONSTITUTION. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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