Important Dates in Indian History
Important Dates in Indian History
2600-1900 Indus Valley Civilization (3000-1500 bc in some sources)
563 Birth of Gautam Buddha (576 bc in some sources)
527 Birth of Mahavir
327-326 Alexander’s invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313 Accession of Chandragupta Maurya according to Jain traditions
305 Defeat of Seleucus at the hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-231 Ashoka’s reign
261 Conquest of Kalinga
145-101 Region of Elara, the Chola King of Sri Lanka
58 Beginning of Vikrami era
78 Beginning of Saka era
120 Accession of Kanishka
320 Commencement of Gupta era, the golden age of Hindu India
380 Accession of Vikramaditya
405-411 Visit of Chinese traveller Fa-hien
415 Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455 Accession of Skanda Gupta
606-647 Harshavardhan’s reign
712 First invasion in Sind by Arabs
836 Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
985 Accession of Rajaraja, the Chola ruler
998 Accession of Sultan Mahmud
1001 First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab
1025 Destruction of Somnath Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191 First Battle of Tarain
1192 Second Battle of Tarain
1206 Accession of Qutub-ud-din Aibak to the throne of Delhi
1210 Death of Qutub-ud-din Aibak
1221 Changez Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236 Accession of Razia Sultan to the throne of Delhi
1240 Razia Sultan dies
1296 Accession of Ala-ud-din Khilji
1316 Ala-ud-din Khilji dies
1325 Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327 Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan by the Tughlaqs
1336 Founding of Vijayanagar empire in the South
1351 Accession of Feroze Shah
1398 Invasion of India by Timur Lang
1469 Birth of Guru Nanak
1494 Accession of Babur in Farghana
1398 Invasion of India by Timur Lang
1469 Birth of Guru Nanak
1494 Accession of Babur in Farghana
1497-98 First voyage of Vasco da Gama to India (discovery of a sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope)
1526 First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi: foundation of Mughal rule by Babur
1527 Battle of Khanya; Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530 Death of Babur and accession of Humayun
1539 Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India’s emperor
1540 Battle of Kannauj
1555 Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556 Second Battle of Panipat 1565 Battle of Talikota
1576 Battle of Haldighati; Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582 Din-e-Illahi founded by Akbar
1597 Death of Rana Pratap
1600 East India Company established
1605 Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir
1606 Execution of Guru Arjun Dev
1611 Jehangir marries Nur Jahan
1616 Sir Thomas Roc visits Jehangir
1627 Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir
1628 Shahjahan becomes emperor of India
1631 Death of Mumtaz Mahal
1634 The British permitted to trade in India (in Bengal)
1659 Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned
1665 Shivaji imprisoned by Aurangzeb
1666 Death of Shahjahan
1675 Execution of Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680 Death of Shivaji
1707 Death of Aurangzeb
1708 Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739 Nadir Shah invades India
1757 Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India’s emperor
1764 Battle of Buxar
1765 Clive appointed Company’s Governor in India
1767-69 First Mysore War
1770 The Great Bengal Famine
1780 Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780-84 Second Mysore War
1784 Pitt’s India Act
1790-92 Third Mysore War
1793 The Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799 Fourth Mysore War—Death ofTipu Sultan
1802 Treaty of Bassein
1809 Treaty of Amritsar
1829 Practice of Sati Prohibited
1830 Raja Ram Mohun Roy, founder of Brahmo Samaj, visits England
1833 Death of Raja Ram Mohun Roy
1839 Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1839-42 First Afghan War
1845-46 First Anglo-Sikh War
1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War
1853 First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane, and a Telegraph line in Calcutta
1857 The Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence
1861 Birth of Rabindranath Tagore
1869 Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885 Foundation of Indian National Congress
1889 Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru
1897 Birth of Subhas Chandra Bose
1904 Tibet Expedition
1905 First partition of Bengal under Lord Curzon
1906 Foundation of Muslim League
1911 Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the capital of India
1914 World War 1 begins
1916 Lucknow Pact signed by Muslim League and Congress
1918 World War 1 ends
1919 Montague-Chelmsford Reforms introduced, Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar
1920 Khilafat Movement launched
1927 Boycott of Simon Commission, broadcasting started in India
1928 Death of Lala Lajpat Rai (Sher-e-Punjab)
1929 Lord Irwin’s Pact, resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress
1930 Civil Disobedience Movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (6 April, 1930)
1931 Gandhi-Irwin Pact
1935 Government of India Act enacted
1937 Provincial Autonomy, Congress forms ministery
1939 World War II begins (1 September)
1941 Death of Rabindranath Tagore, escape of Subhas Chandra Bose from India
1942 Arrival of Cripps Mission in India, ‘Quit India’ movement launched (8 August)
1942—44 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provincial Azad Hindu Hukumat and Indian National Army; Bengal famine
1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946 British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim Government formed at the Centre
1947 Divison of India; India and Pakistan form separate independent dominions
1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (30 January); integration of princely states
1949 Cease-fire in Kashmir, Indian Constitution signed and adopted (26 November)
1950 India becomes a Sovereign Democratic Republic (26 January) and Constitution of India comes into force
1951 First Five-Year Plan; First Asian Games held in Delhi
1952 First General Elections of the Lok Sabha
1953 Conquest of Mt Everest by Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary
1956 Second Five-Year Plan launched
1957 Second General Elections; decimal coinage introduced, Liberation of Goa
1962 Third General Elections in India; Chinese attack on India (20 December)
1963 Nagaland becomes the 16th Indian State
1964 Death of Pt Jawaharlal Nehru
1965 Pakistan attacks India
1966 Tashkent Pact; Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri; Mrs Indira Gandhi elected Prime Minister of India
1967 Fourth General Elections; Dr Zakir Hussain elected the third president of India
1969 V. V. Giri elected President of India; Nationalization of the leading banks by Presidential ordinance
1970 Meghalaya designated as autonomous state.
1971 Himachal Pradesh becomcs a State; Indo-Pak War; Bangladesh is born
1972 Shimla agreement; Death of C. Rajagopalachari
1973 Mysore State renamed Karnataka
1974 India explodes a nuclcar device; Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed elected as fifth President, Sikkim becomes an ‘associate State’ of India
1975 India launches ‘ Aryabhata’; Sikkim becomes 22nd State of the Indian Union; State of Emergency is declared
1976 India and China establish diplomatic relations
1977 Sixth General Elections; Janata Party gets majority in Lok Sabha; Neelam Sanjiva Reddy elected sixth President of India
1979 Morarji Desai resigns as Prime Minister; Charan Singh becomes Prime Minister; Charan Singh resigns (20 August): Sixth Lok Sabha dissolved
1980 Seventh General Elections; Congress I comes to power; Mrs Indira Gandhi sworn in as Prime Minister; Sanjay Gandhi dies in an air crash, India launches SLV-3 into space carrying Rohini satellite
1982 Longest bridge in Asia opened (2 March); Acharya J. B. Kripalani dies (19 March); 1NSAT1A launched; Giani Zail Singh elected President of India (15 July); Over 500 persons killed in Gujarat cyclone (5 November); Acharya Vinoba Bhavc dies (15 November);IX Asian Games inaugurated (19 November)
1983 CHOGM held in New Delhi
1984 Operation Blue Star in Punjab; Rakesh Sharma goes into space; Mrs Indira Gandhi assassinated; Rajiv Gandhi becomes PM of India
1985 Rajiv-Longovval accord signed; Sant H. S. Longowal killed; elections in Punjab; Assam accord; VII Five-Year Plan launched
1986 Mizoram accord
1987 R. Venkataraman elected President; Shankar Dayal Sharma elected Vice-President of India, Bofors gun and Fairfax controversies
1988 Operation Black Thunder in Punjab; Accord to quell insurgency in Tripura
1989 Ram Shilanyas Puja at Ayodhya; India’s first IRBM ‘Agni’ successfully launched from Orissa (22 May); Trishul Missile test fired (5 June); Second successful launch of Prithvi (27 September); Rajiv Government loses poll and resigns (29 November); Jawahar Rozgar Yojna launched (29 November); National Front Leader V. P. Singh sworn in as seventh PM, New cabinet sworn in (2 December), Ninth Lok Sabha constituted.
1990 Last of IPKF return home (25 March); Indian Airlines A-320 Airbus Crash (14 Febuary); Janata Dal splits; BJP withdraws support to the Government; Advani takes out Rath Yatra and is arrested; Mandal Report implementation announced by V. P. Singh; Violence in Ayodhya due to Ram Janam Bhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute.
1991 Gulf War breaks out (17 January); Rajiv Gandhi assassinated (21 May); X Lok Sabha constituted (20 June); P. V. Narasimha Rao becomes Prime Minister.
1992 India establishes full diplomatic ties with Israel (29 January); Bharat Ratna and Oscar winner Satyajit Ray dies (23 April); S. D. Sharma elected President (25 July); INS Shakti-first indigeneously built submarine was launched on 7 Febuary.
1993 Ordinance to acquire 67.33 acres in Ayodhya (7 January); Massive security fails in BJPrally; Wave of bombing leaves 300 dead in Bombay; Insat-2B becomes fully operational; Earthquake in Maharashtra.
1994 Government monopoly over civil aviation ends; Storm over GATT treaty; Plague outbreak; Sushmita Sen—Miss Universe; Aishwarya Rai —Miss World.
1995 Mayawati First Dalit Chief Minister of UP; BJP comes to power in Maharashtra and Gujarat, Janata Dal in Karnataka and Congress in Orissa; Indian National Congress (T) formed; President’s Rule in UP after fall of Mayawati; INSAT 2C and IRSI-C launched.
1996 Hawala takes toll of several Union Ministers and opposition leaders; PSLV D3 launched on 21 March with IRSP-3 ushering new era in Indian space programme; Eleventh Lok Sabha Elections held on April 127-BJP emerges as the single largest party.
1997 On 15 August, India celeberated its 50th year of Independence.
1998 Death of Mother Teressa; Atal Behari Vajpayee becomes Indian
Prime Minister; India explodes its second nuclear device (Pokhran II)
1999 Indian Airlines plane IC-814 hijacked by terrorists and taken to Kandahar, Afghanistan, on 24 December, 1999. Three militants released by Indian govt, for the freedom of hostages kept as passengers.
In June 1999, Fit Lt K. Nachiketa, the captured Indian pilot, released by Pakistan after eight days of captivity.
‘Operation Vijay’ launched by Indian Army to flush out Pakistani infiltrators inside LoC in the Kargil sector of J&K, India wins battle.
2000 US President Bill Clinton visits India during March 2000. Three new states Chhatisgarh, Uttaranchal and Jharkhand created. India’s population crossed one billion mark.
2001 ‘Agra Summit’ between India and Pakistan in July 2001; Worst natural calamity of India: Gujarat Earthquake in Jan 2001; ‘Tehelka.Com’ screened video tapes which opened the murky world of arms deal and its kickbacks to Indian Army officials, ministers and politicians in March 2001; Vlth census of India (since Independence) concluded in March 2001.
Enron bids farewell to Indian energy sector in August 2001; GSLV launched successfully in April 2001 and PSLV-C3 launch conducted in October 2001.
2002 71-year old missile scientist, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, is elected President of India; One of the most horrific communal roits in recent history, the Godhra Incident, happens on 27 February 2002 in Gujarat; National Water Policy announced in April, which aims at integrating water resources development and management for optimal and sustainable utilisation.
2003 Formation of Strategic Forces Command (SFC) and the Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) by India; Air Marshal Teja Mohan Asthana named first commander-in-chief of the SFC; Advanced multipurpose satellite, INSAT-3 A is successfully launched into space from Kourou of French Guyana; CBI forms an Economic Intelligence Wing :£ to tackle white-collar crime in June; India’s advanced communication u satellite INSAT-3E is launched by an European rocket from the spaceport of Kourou in French Guyana in December.
2004 NDA government ousted by the Congress and its allies in the “O General Election; Congress President Ms Sonia Gandhi opts against becoming prime minister of India despite being in a strong position; fc Congress and its allies forms government at the centre under the Prime “5 Ministership of Dr Manmohan Singh. On 26 December 2004, Tsunami ~ in the Indian Ocean hit South India alongwith many Southeast-Asian nations killing about 3,000 people. More than 11,000 deaths reported £ in India alone.
2005 Monsoon rains in late July and early August 2005 caused devastating landslides and floods that killed about 900 people in and around Bombay. An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.6 struck Pakistani-controlled Kashmir on 8 October 2005. More than 81,000 people were killed and 2.5 million left homeless. India suffered about 13,000 casualties.
Indo-US reached an agreement in July 2005 that would allow India to seek outside help in developing its civilian nuclear power i-jprogram while maintaining its nuclear weapons. In addition, India would submit the civilian program, but not its weapons program, to inspections.
The accord departs from an “atoms for peace” program that dates to the Eisenhower, administration, which bans countries with nuclear weapons from buying nuclear fuel and equipment from foreign countries.
The US allowed American companies to provide India with several types of modem combat weapons, including F-15 and F-18 fighter jets. The announcement was seen as an attempt to balance the US offer to sell Pakistan about two dozen F-16s.
2006 In March 2006, President Bush and Prime Minister Singh agreed to a controversial nuclear deal that permitted the sale of US nuclear technology to India despite the fact that India has never signed the international Nuclear Non-proliferation agreement. Since 1998, the US has imposed sanctions on India for undertaking nuclear tests. Critics of the deal, which must be approved by Congress, contend that allowingIndia to circumvent the international treaty will make it more difficult to negotiate and rein in North Korea’s and Iran’s nuclear ambitions.
2007 Tata emerges as the world’s fifth largest steel maker after the acquisition of British steel maker Corns.
Sensex regains the 14 K. peak by gaining more than 72 points on sustained buying by foreign and domestic funds in banking, auto and technology sector stocks.
2008 Gujjar community protested for ST quota. Protests took place at different districts of Rajasthan and led to invoking of national security act in 15 districts of Rajasthan.
India and Russia sign an agreement on a joint lunar mission Chandranarayan-2.
Indian navy became first to ski the North Pole. India clinched US $ 1 billion Hercules deal. India celebrates 60th Republic Day.
2009 In the general elections to the 15th Lok Sabha, UPA outshined other alliances and Dr Manmohan Singh was re-elected as the Prime Minister of India.
Blasts in Assam state claim many lives.
2010 Women’s Reservation Bill was passed by Rajya Sabha on 9 March 2010.
On 22 May 2010, 158 passangers of a Boeing 737 plane of Air India died in a tragic air crash.
A Bhartiya Janta Party leader was killed by Maoists in Dantewada district of Chattisgarh. 76 security personnel also lost their lives in the incident.