The Schedules of Constitution
Schedules can be added to the Constitution by amendment. The original Constitution only had eight Schedules. The Ninth Schedule was the first Schedule added to the original constitution by the 1st Amendment of 1951 and the Twelfth Schedule is the latest schedule added by the 74th Amendment of 1992. The 12 Schedules in force cover the designations of the states and union territories; the emoluments for high level officials; forms of oaths; allocation of the number of seats in the Rajya Sabha (Council of States—the upper house of Parliament) per state or territory; provisions for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes; provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam; the Union (meaning Central Government), State and Concurrent (dual) Lists of responsibilities; the official languages; land and tenure reforms and the association of Sikkim with India.
A brief introduction to the Schedules in the Constitution follows:
It deals with the territories of the 28 states and 7 union territories
of the Indian Union.
Deals with salaries, allowances, etc., payable to the President of India, Governors of States, Chief Justice of India, judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts and the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. The revised salaries now are:
President of India Rs 1,50,000 pm
Vice-President Rs 1,25,000 pm
Governor of a state Rs 1,10,000 pm
(varies from state to state)
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Rs 1,00,000 pm
Judges of the Supreme Court Rs 90,000 pm
Chief Justice of a High Court Rs 90,000 pm
Judges of a High Court Rs 80,000 pm
It prescribes the various forms of oath or affirmation, which various incumbents have to take before assuming a public office.
Fourth Schedule Allocates seats to each state and union territory in the Rajya Sabha.
Contains provisions as to the administration and control of Scheduled Areas.
It deals with the administration and control of the Schedules Areas.
Deals with provisions regarding administration of tribal areas in
the states of Assam, Meghalaya and Mizoram. This Schedule in the Constitution, Camended in 1988 by the Act 67 of 1988, received the assent of the President on 16 December 1988, and was applied to the states of Tripura and Mizoram w.e.f. 16 December 1988.
Gives three lists of powers and subjects to be looked after by 5 the Union and the states, as follows: (i) Union List—Comprises subjects of all-India importance like Defence, International Affairs, Railways, Post and Telegraph, Income tax, etc. The Parliament has the exclusive power to legislate on these subjects. It contains 97 subjects; (ii) State List—Contains subjects of local importance. Normally, the State Legislature alone legislates on these subjects. It contains 66 subjects;
(iii) Concurrent List—Contains subjects on which the Parliament as well as the State Legislature enjoy authority. According to the 88th amendment, service tax is to be levied, collected and appropriated by the union and the states.
Gives a list of 22 regional languages recognised by the Constitution. Originally there were only 14 languages in the schedule and the 15th language ‘Sindhi’ was added by the 21st amendment in 1967, and three languages—Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71st amendment in 1992. In 2003, the 92nd amendment added four more languages to the list—’Bodo’, ‘Dogri’, ‘Maithali’ and ‘Santhali’.
The languages are as follows:
1. Assamese, 2. Bengali, 3. Bodo, 4. Dogri, 5. Gujarati, 6. Hindi, 7. Kannada, 8. Kashmiri, 9. Malayalam, 10. Maithali, 11. Marathi, 12. Oriya, 13. Punjabi, 14. Sanskrit, 15. Sindhi, 16. Tamil, 17. Telugu, 18. Santhali, 19. Urdu, 20. Konkani, 21. Manipuri, 22. Nepali.
Contains certain Acts and regulations of the State Legislature dealing with land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system. It contains 257 Acts. This Schedule was added to the Constitution in 1951 by the First Constitution (Amendment) Act.
Contains certain provisions regarding disqualification of members on grounds of defection.
It lists 29 subjects on which the panchayats have been given administrative control. It was added to the Constitution on 20 April 1992 by the 73rd Amendment in 1992.
It lists 18 subjects on which the municipalities are given administrative control. It was added to the Constitution on 20 April 1992 by the 74th Amendment in 1992.