Early Historical Period : Haryankas, Bimbisara
(547-495 bc) He consolidated his power and influence by entering into matrimonial alliances with powerful kingdoms which increased his power and status considerably. His principal queen was Kosaladevi, the sister of Prasenjit of Kosala. The second queen was Chellana, the daughter of the famous Lichchhavi chief, Chetaka of Vaisali. Khema, daughter of Madra of the Punjab, was his third queen. His Kosalan wife brought Kasi as dowry-gift. However, he undertook several military expeditions and added fresh territories to his empire. He defeated Brahmadatta, the ruler of Anga, and annexed the latter’s kingdom. He maintained friendly relationship with Pradyota of Avanti. He sent his personal physician, Jivaka, to cure Pradyota who was suffering from jaundice. There is no definite evidence whether he was a follower of Jainism or Buddhism. However, both religions claim him as their supporter and devotee. But it is certain that his end was tragic. While one source reveals that he was starved to death by his son Ajatasatru, the other source reveals that due to acrimonious relationship with his son, he consumed poison and killed himself.